Biologists / Augustine of Hippo, 354–430,
Feast Day: August 28

Born in Africa, Augustine was a brilliant and ambitious professor of rhetoric who moved to Italy. After a dissolute youth, he became a follower of Manichaeism and then Neoplatonism. He was converted to Christianity by his mother, Monica, and Ambrose, bishop of Milan. His writing is considered a cornerstone of Western civilization. He argued against literal readings of the Bible, insisting that the six-day time frame for the creation of the world was meant as a poetic explanation.

Other patronages: St. Augustine (Florida); Antonians, Augustinians, Servites, Premonstratensians; brewers, printers, theologians

Invoked: against grasshoppers, harmful animals, sore eyes

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