In 1802, the tomb of a thirteen-year-old girl was found in the catacombs, with the carved words “Peace be with you, Philomena.” Also carved were the symbols of virginity and martyrdom. When these relics of this unknown martyr were taken to the Vatican, they were transferred to a church in Naples by a priest who felt a spiritual message from them. After several miracles were reported because of them, a cult grew around Philomena. Among her devotees were many future saints of the Catholic Church and several popes.
Other patronages: barrenness; Children of Mary, the Living Rosary; priests; children, poor people